By Andrew Scurria
Puerto Rico moved closer to resolving the largest municipal-debt default in U.S. history after creditors owed roughly $11.7 billion backed a settlement framework, the most Wall Street support yet amassed for a restructuring of the territory’s core public debts.
The proposed settlement released Tuesday would reduce roughly $18.8 billion in general obligation debt by around three-fifths to roughly $7.4 billion, lowering interest payments to bondholders to levels that Puerto Rico’s financial supervisors believe it can support after years of population loss and economic decline.
“We achieved a fair, sustainable, and consensual agreement that puts Puerto Rico on a path to recovery and is an important tool to lift the weight of bankruptcy from the people and businesses of Puerto Rico,” said David Skeel, chairman of the financial oversight board that steered negotiations.
Some bonds covered by the deal have gained value in recent months, buoyed by fixed-income investors’ appetite for high-yielding municipal debt and expectations that Puerto Rico’s court-supervised bankruptcy is nearing its end. The agreement marks the culmination of months of private talks between finance officials and creditors to assess the long-term damage to Puerto Rico’s economy stemming from Covid-19.
Investment firms that participate would exchange their claims for a mix of $7 billion in cash, $7.4 billion in restructured bonds and tradable securities known as contingent value instruments that only pay out if sales-tax collections exceed certain projections. Large bondholders including GoldenTree Asset Management LP and Autonomy Capital are backing the settlement, along with bond guarantors Assured Guaranty Ltd. and MBIA Inc.
A sustained rally in high-yield municipal bonds, including Puerto Rico’s, helped to ease the deal, according to bondholders and advisers involved in negotiations. Yield-hungry investors have been drawn to risky municipal bonds in part due to the U.S. Federal Reserve’s commitment to ultralow rates.
Expectations that federal support for Puerto Rico will increase with the White House and both houses of Congress under Democratic control are also fueling the rally in debt from the territory, according to analysts and investors. The S&P Municipal Bond Puerto Rico Index has returned 5.65% over the past year even after a post-pandemic selloff, outperforming other baskets of risky municipals maintained by S&P Dow Jones Indices.
The stronger the market demand for Puerto Rico bonds, the less restructured debt needs to be issued to compensate bondholders, and the stronger the incentive for them to sign on to a settlement. While Puerto Rico debt was largely held before its bankruptcy by traditional municipal holders and individual investors, many bonds migrated over time into the hands of hedge funds that bought at depressed prices in hopes of profiting from a deal.
Any restructuring requires approval from the federal judge overseeing Puerto Rico’s bankruptcy case and still faces obstacles, including objections by Gov. Pedro Pierluisi and other elected leaders to reducing pension benefits of public employees.
The agreement was finalized under the oversight board that has been supervising Puerto Rico’s finances since the territory defaulted. Former President Donald Trump in his final months in office overhauled the board’s membership, installing several of his own selections at a critical juncture in the restructuring.
Justin Peterson, a Trump appointee and former bondholder adviser who joined the board in October, called the settlement a “significant milestone in ending bankruptcy for the people of Puerto Rico” that “would not have been possible without the flexibility of creditors in reaching a deal.”
If approved, the deal would curtail the legal battles that have raged since Puerto Rico filed for bankruptcy in 2017, costing taxpayers in the territory more than $858 million in fees and expenses for lawyers, bankers and other professionals as of last month. Some rulings stemming from that litigation have undermined longtime assumptions among investors about the safety of some types of municipal bonds, although Puerto Rico’s struggles have been viewed in some quarters as an isolated incident within the typically staid tax-exempt market.
The bankruptcy came after years of heavy borrowing and service cutbacks in Puerto Rico that affected everything from schools to electricity service and pushed many residents, who are U.S. citizens, to depart for the mainland, sapping the tax base and squeezing budgets. The territory’s financial troubles have strained its relationship with Washington and slowed the release of federal aid…